Among the summit’s declared intentions; to enable legal immigration from Africa to Europe for employment, curb refugee ﬂows and defeat
The year 2017 ended with very disturbing news as reports of slave markets in Libya shocked the world, and many
It is easy to claim that Western attempts to export or promote democracy have failed to initiate genuine democratic reform.
To grow their economies, the primary producers of migrants must figure out how to step up the chain onto the
During the colonial era Africans were taught that blackness was without value and only “white” signiﬁed quality. This was just
Africa’s governments had not taken the necessary time to allay the deleterious eﬀects of colonialism. The violence, hatred, humiliation, exploitation